Nature

Farmers who work in fields in India are especially at risk of getting bitten by snakes such as the Russell’s viper (Daboia russelii) shown here.Credit: John Benjamin Owens, MEFGL Bangor University/Captive & Field Herpetology Snakebites annually cost India’s citizens the equivalent of 3 million years of health and productivity. That figure, reported at a meeting
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Two reports have been published by doctors pointing to climate change being the culprit in many illnesses and premature death, detailing the influence of global warming on human health. Comprehensive report World Meteorological Organization researchers published a report which showed the effect of the warmest decade on the health of millions of people, as they experienced extreme heat, wildfires, and floods this year,
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Credit: Getty Literature reviews are important resources for scientists. They provide historical context for a field while offering opinions on its future trajectory. Creating them can provide inspiration for one’s own research, as well as some practice in writing. But few scientists are trained in how to write a review — or in what constitutes
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Human waste and the lack of adequate toilet facilities in US National Parks harm wildlife and streams, but an entrepreneur proposes a neat solution. For two decades, Mt Rainier national park ranger Richard Lechleitner dug human waste from backcountry toilets to carry it down from the mountains. Dirty toilets Washington state park staff deal with thousands of visitors and climbers to the 14,000-foot
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Crews living on Mars (artist’s impression) could survive on oxygen extracted from the salty water that permeates some of the planet’s soils. Credit: NASA/Clouds AO/SEArch Chemistry 04 December 2020 Water locked away in Martian sediments could be split into the gases needed by humans and their machines. A device that uses electricity to decompose water
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This photonic computer performed in 200 seconds a calculation that on an ordinary supercomputer would take 2.5 billion years to complete.Credit: Hansen Zhong A team in China claims to have made the first definitive demonstration of ‘quantum advantage’ — exploiting the counter-intuitive workings of quantum mechanics to perform computations that would be prohibitively slow on
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Hurricane Maria battered homes for three years which until now, thousands of people in Puerto Rico are still longing for a safe shelter that is resilient to the climate crisis. A couple introduced a new construction technique that would aid house owners in making SuperAdobe homes, a climate-resilient home from cheap materials. SuperAdobe Homes   Paula
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Scientists can transform a microscopic particle (above) from barium-based to cadmium-based without sacrificing its complex form. Credit: H.C. Hendrikse et al./Adv. Mater. Materials science 03 December 2020 Self-assembling particles exhibit a mind-boggling array of structure and composition. In a neat chemical sleight-of-hand, researchers can swap out the ions in microscopic structures without disturbing the structures’
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There is an urgent need for sustainable ocean management to address food security, biodiversity, and climate change and improve the economy. An ongoing review of the threats and opportunities for the ocean was made by the Ocean Panel, or the High-Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, starting in 2018. It is a 14-country panel led by Palau and Norway. It takes a holistic approach regarding what a
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Do you need a postdoc to thrive as a scientist outside academia? Julie Gould explores the pros and cons with industry insiders. Your browser does not support the audio element. Download MP3 Nessa Carey, a UK entrepreneur and technology-transfer professional whose career has straddled academia and industry, including a senior role at Pfizer, shares insider
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William Frankland, who popularized the pollen count and who died earlier this year aged 108, likened the role of an allergist to that of a detective. Superior powers of observation, chance encounters and the rejection of evidence that initially seems compelling have all delivered breakthroughs in allergy medicine. For instance, for many years, guidelines advised
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Hundreds of people evacuate from Mount Semeru volcano in Java, Indonesia as it erupts and exudes lava and ash. Locals fled from homes when the rumbling volcano started spewing hot ash up to thousands of meters out into the atmosphere. It also belched dangerous lava from its crater. Erupting Mount Semeru The active volcano Mount Semeru is located on the island of Java in Indonesia. Yesterday, it
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A Long March-5 rocket carrying Chang’e-5 lifts off.Credit: Mark Schiefelbein/AP/Shutterstock China probe on way to Moon A Chinese spacecraft is on its way to the Moon after launching off the coast of Hainan Island in southern China at 4.30 a.m. local time on 24 November. Chang’e-5’s mission is to retrieve rocks from the Moon and
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Rare Mountain Lions Spotted in Kansas | Nature World News By Victoria Sinla Dec 02, 2020 11:00 AM EST The Kansas Department of Wildlife Parks and Tourism posted on Sunday that an adult mountain lion was seen on a trail camera in Kiowa County, around 115 miles West Of Wichita, carrying a killed porcupine. The sighting
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University closures and delays to research projects are stretching the finances of postdocs, Nature’s survey has found.Credit: Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg/Getty The first ever Nature survey to focus on postdoctoral researchers at universities paints a gloomy picture. As we reported in September, half of respondents revealed that they had recently considered leaving academic research, in part because
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Ponds created by small-scale gold mining in the Madre de Dios region of Peru. Such ponds hasten production of a compound that can poison animals. Credit: Melissa Marchese Environmental sciences 01 December 2020 Mining ponds move the toxic element into the food web. Lake and pond ecosystems created by artisanal gold miners in Peru convert
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I’ve been working for 16 years to understand a particular type of immune cell, often called the sentinel of the immune system, that is found in humans and other mammals. Named dendritic cells, they detect dangers, such as pathogenic microorganisms, by collecting molecules from their environment. They show these molecules to other immune-system cells, instructing
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By Rein F. Nov 30, 2020 10:00 PM EST Researchers from the Universities of Göttingen, Bern, and St. Andrews discovered an interesting relationship between the scent of a cooperating rat and the helpfulness of other rats who smell such odor. Through a series of tests, researchers found out that a rat’s odor that is engaged
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Credit: Nokia Bell Labs Arthur Ashkin was the father of optical trapping. Using focused laser beams, he manipulated particles ranging in size from atoms to cells and their components. In 2018, aged 96, he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for “optical tweezers and their application to biological systems”. He also made pioneering discoveries about
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Alabama’s wilderness faces risks of destruction as environmental laws fall short in safeguarding Mobile River Basin’s ecological treasures. Among the states in the nation, Alabama ranks last when it comes to environmental protection spending. Only about 4% of the state’s land is protected from development, whereas protected land in other states like California and Florida
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By Rein F. Nov 29, 2020 08:00 PM EST After almost a century of hiding, grass-poly (Lythrum hyssopifolium) was recently discovered growing in a Norfolk farmland pond by Professor Carl Sayer of University College London. Previously believed to have gone extinct, grass-poly is one of the rarest plants in the United Kingdom. The last confirmed
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In Denmark, lawmakers want to exhume and incinerate culled mink from mass graves, while scientific authorities are concerned about a permanent COVID-19 future pandemic risk. They want to incinerate them to prevent the possibility of contaminating nearby waters. (Photo: Getty Images )A conveyor belt drops culled mink into a large container on November 7, 2020, in Boarding, Denmark. Like many other
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The immense and ancient old-growth forests of Romania, straddling the vast Carpathian Mountains in Eastern Europe, are being threatened by illegal logging.  They have been unchanged ever since the last ice age, but today, they are rapidly disappearing. This deforestation has been due to the actions of the so-called “Timber Mafia,” composed of criminals that many people believe collaborate with the Romanian
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The government of Mauritius recently announced its controversial plan to cull or “control exercise” endangered Mauritius fruit bat (Pteropus niger) to protect the nation’s fruit industry. The bat culling will be done from October 28 to mid-December this year. Bat culling in Mauritius  Bat culling has been a controversial issue in Mauritius. Fruit bats are
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The research found that high school students in Brazil are interested in the environment, biodiversity, and conservation. This has been reported by a study published in the journal Science Advances, showing how the youth are starting to become more aware of scientific and environmental concepts. They are increasingly becoming interested in science, the Amazon Rainforest’s biodiversity, and its conservation as they enter high school. (Photo:
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As the US withdrew its commitment to the Paris Agreement, the United States would have to draft a new nationally determined contribution (NDC), articulating what the country’s plan and pledge would be. The Paris Climate Accord is an agreement among more than 190 countries to limit planet-warning emissions of greenhouse gases. According to Jonathan Pershing, the former lead
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Data analysis has been the fallback for many researchers whose fieldwork has been halted because of COVID-19.Credit: Getty PhD student Maija Sequeira had planned to travel in January 2020 to a primary school in Colombia for 14 months to research how children learn about social hierarchies. But all public schools in the nation closed until
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A mud volcano in Shirvan National Park, Azerbaijan. Researchers have investigated how similar mud volcanoes could form under water. Credit: Alamy Geology 26 November 2020 Trapped gas causes buried sediments to flow like water, rising and erupting dangerously at the sea floor. Mud volcanoes are an unpredictable and dangerous phenomenon — but now scientists have
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A new method for detecting pyrethroid pesticides in honey that is very harmful to honeybees is now available. University of Waterloo researchers developed a fully automated and environment-friendly technique to extract pyrethroids from samples of honey. Massive Die-Offs of Bees Colony collapse disorder or CCD is a condition wherein the worker honeybees do not return
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The Nature Index is a database of author affiliations and institutional relationships. The index tracks contributions to research articles published in 82 high-quality natural-science journals, chosen by an independent group of researchers. The Nature Index provides absolute and fractional counts of article publication at the institutional and national level and, as such, is an indicator
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The entire country is expected to have a dry Thanksgiving Day this year. However, central and southern US states may experience severe storms before Thanksgiving Day.  Severe thunderstorms may likely interfere with the Thanksgiving preparation of residents from northern Texas to the southern parts of Illinois and Indiana and western portions of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama
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Young megalodon sharks (artist’s impression) spent time in sheltered coastal areas while they grew to their gigantic adult proportions. Credit: Humberto Ferrón Palaeontology 25 November 2020 Ancient teeth hint that a handful of sites served as sheltered sanctuaries for immature megalodon sharks. The prehistoric shark Otodus megalodon was an awe-inspiring beast, measuring up to three
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Scientists have found that animals can surprisingly adapt to the increased temperatures caused by climate change. A 2019 UN report estimated that one million species are currently in danger of extinction. Researchers published in the journal Nature found that tropical ocean ecosystems could collapse by 2030, while mountains and forests will follow by 2050.  Consistently, other reports stated that with the current status
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Researchers often complain about the indicators that hiring and grant committees use to judge them. In the past ten years, initiatives such as the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment and the Leiden Manifesto have pushed universities to rethink how and when to use publications and citations to assess research and researchers. The use of
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A new paper documented the effects of changes in the behavior of fires, from being too large or too little, that threatens biodiversity and ecosystems, including over 4,400 species of birds, mammals, insects, and plants worldwide. According to a paper published by a 27-member international team led by researchers from the University of Melbourne, changes in the behavior of fire
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